This is the Western Institute for Social Research is yak and half night every second Monday of the month and we can talk more later about how suppose our yak but we won't right now I want to start I want to start every meeting that I involved in with an acknowledgement that we are on unseated Aloni territory and sometimes called the coastal mountains and here's there used to be.
More than a dozen of these shale mountains between here and the bay and they were all removed because they weren't flat I guess that's good reaching your not flat so and there's a good article reference down the slide if you want to read more about that oh I think we should make it a practice even though we all know each other let's just say hi and give us one fun fact if we do.
This every time we'll gather a bunch of fun facts so pardon why don't you introduce yourself say how you were later the wiser and grimace upon attack my name is Carlene cutting Gleeman um one fact is that I'm German living in Boulder Colorado and I'm a doctoral student at wiser and a fun fact is that I like red glasses yes you did John I'm gonna take the literally.
Telling two fun facts the first fun fact is Kaiser was about to operate on my wife shoulder for a torn rotator cuff but they for reasons not related to the MRI they postponed it then they found out that the MRI reading was wrong and she did not have a torn rotator cuff so it was fortunate that they postponed the surgery so that's the first not so fun fact this the second fun fact is.
Thursday my wife will be in New York on People's Court because she got ripped off buying a horse Oh Wow John and you don't know tape-record back you know I don't think it's gonna be I don't think it's good it's not gonna be live it'll be a couple of months or so before they air it oh okay yeah I think they give the participants a DVD anyway so there's some trials I.
Want to see which one it's a more exciting zoo the real courtroom or the People's Court right right probably depends on the case but anyway so those are two fun those are my two fun facts for the day she's a ministry officer of wiser cool fun fact my 12 year old Leon taking khufu lesson shaolin kung fu' he just passed his test now he has a white.
Purpose oh it's like some between white and purple so he's white purple you know it's white with some purple stripes so he he's like you know I can envision him being a black fellow and my Shaolin master that's great who's calling him who just joined us Victor Victor yeah that's me okay all right perfect timing Victor we were just doing introductions how were related the wiser and a fun.
Fact if you would like to do that okay so let you know introduction Lichter fun tack remodeling two bathrooms at the same time that's fun and it's a fact okay okay yeah I do I'm gonna go on mute at the moment just so there's not a lot of background noise here I go muting okay and so that's everyone with me and I get to go last because I'm presenting so I'm.
Mark Wilson I'm the intern learning designer theologian I thought we've been worshipping technology lately so maybe they are the same no no and Logan's aren't in charge of the worshiping part they're in charge of the studying parking it's the priests of technology that we have to worry about right anyway so that's my that's my connection Eliezer let's see a fun fact the two.
Weeks before my 16th birthday I spent New Year's Eve in the French Quarter of New Orleans basically unsupervised ah that's a fun fact right there and we won't go any further into that so tonight I want to start by just a quick recap we're following on to your previous yeah can hack a month ago where I just laid out the basic learning theories that at least Americans have.
Been operating under the structuralist construction of constructionists and the connectivist are the new learning theorists of how the internet and education works and I have this great little graphics like like the graphic breath Rebecca's loveless little visualization of how different networks connect and this is you can see from the bottom is from the RAND.
Corporation in 1964 so this is free internet but yet they were thinking about networks and how they work so that's just a quick recap I don't want to spend a lot of time on it but by going through the learning theories and from the conversations we had last month I thought I would start tonight with technology because that's what now that we've had a night of theory let's have.
Another technology or theory of technology why I like to look things up so I looked up technology and I always go you know English language started enabling so I go to the OED and that says that the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes especially in industry but that's technology comes from according to them 17th century from the Greek technology a.
Systematic treatment and from techne which is art and crafts so actually I'm wrong I'm sorry that's that was Merritt Webster the OED was facts information and skills acquired through experience or education the theoretical or practical understanding of the subject so technology is the facts information and skills acquired through experience or education or or.
And the theoretical or practical understanding of the subject and OED takes it back Middle English originally a verb in the sense to acknowledge and recognize and they take it from an old English word to know so there's two different versions of or even just the word technology Webster and it's interesting I sit on a lot of discussions about technology with.
People who are using technology in education and they have a lot of different ways of looking at it of course we've all heard educators in particular but of course our relatives pushback against technology or they say they're pushing back against technology you know that they don't want to adopt something and yet when you get into a discussion about technology questions.
Come up like is language and technology I mean just the way we communicate is that a technology according to the OED it could be looked at that way and then if you say well language is a technology we say what was before language and before language we some people think there was vocalizes before words that humans perhaps imitated bird sounds and other symptoms and we know that other.
Languages other species communicate orally through sound and so is that a technology I don't know it's pretty easy to understand that a shelter or a skin used as a people piece of clothing that's that would be technology right under that could have received language easily and then my favorite which even in the wikipedia mentioned in their article on technology was a very.
Important technology to humans which again could have predated even shelter and clothing was the techno gyah fire and as a retired last lord of course i have a particular interest in the technologies of fire and i have read several and illogical type accounts that fire may be the original human technology that that was central to our evolution capturing fire saving fire and.
They're learning to use fire to cook that might be one of the original technology so I just throw that out there just for discussion we're all aware we we've heard at different times in education that looking back historians named things ages the Bronze Age the Iron Age some people think we're in the age of technology know we're in the age of knowledge some people think.
We're in the age of knowledge some people and of course here's my prejudice some people say that we're in the age of glass oh we are in the age of glass and Moore's in Evanston in 2016 said throughout history we've defined ethics by the material and movements that have transformed civilization there was a stone age the Bronze Age and the Iron Age which gave mankind new tools and.
Methods for expression more recently we need to find errors by social cultural and technological transitions but not only convey new capabilities but also capture our aspirations for instance the space age and the information age we are now living in the glass age and again this is strictly my prejudice to bring this but I don't know how many of you recently bought a smartphone I have a.
New smartphone and my phone is completely encapsulated in blacks front and back a lot of the new phones are because the glass has become strong enough that it's better than plastic and if you biodegradable their recyclable oh right I just acquired a greater than excited advance is the most the most abundant material so so that's all just to throw.
Out some ideas about technologies money the water is stir things up as a word and all that's to get us to a place where as an institution wiser has decided to use technology whatever that means to provide distance learning or online learning or distance education whatever combination of words we want to describe it later and of course that's the rub that's where it gets a little.
Bit harder where we have to decide what technologies are going to use and how we're going to use them and what their best use for and and we often want run into their own occasions as well so yeah can hack is one place where once a month we can bring ideas or criticisms or theories and see how they apply the wiser because at the bottom line is we're always talking about wizened and.
How writers are changing if language is a technology and I'm not going to try to make that argument that I think that arguments not that hard today then that's a technology that's obviously at all first of all before there were any physical representations there was the evolution of language and then once we decided that we could make marks or images that represent parts of.
The language then things took off and we were able to save uttering sense of language or ideas captured by language and when I was younger that was to present it to me is that's why what makes us different is language and culture but of course we hadn't discovered that other animals even on earth do have some sorts of language we had no idea but that's.
Certainly central to us now fast forward to today and people have been studying language and representations of language seriously for a couple hundred years starting with the philosophers and venture the mathematicians got involved another scientist and there's been quite quite a lot of research about language I'm going to focus tonight on raft theory which can be either mathematical.
Or visual like words on the screen or it can be extremely worried you said what theory I'm sorry graph theory the theory of the graphs the pans like GRA pH correct okay yes the theory of how things are connected as it were here on the screen there's three different versions of happens can be connected in graph theory tries to describe these types of connection it's the simplest.
You know again I'm no mathematician or scientist but I've been reading about graph theory for a few years now and how it applies to education at the Internet and I just want to describe the simplest way that graphs are represented is as knows place you know a place or a thing is a node and what connects the nodes are edges this is comes out of mathematics so if you want to call them.
Connections that's fine the theorists call them nodes and edges and every interaction can be masked in this way between humans if you want to think of the humanistic node then the language can be used to describe their connections and there are many different ways to do this there's some very again very logically structured mathematically described ways to do this and that's.
Where the computer scientists get involved at the highest abstract levels and then it comes down to us as humans and we you know make our connections and sustain our connections often using words not entirely but the pocket music words and so there's a broad range of how those can be described from the highly mathematical to them personal the Internet is a very good example of.
Nodes and edges I wanted to just quickly point out that I know what an oath is per se but what is an edge yeah just the line that connects the dots that knows okay yeah it's how the nodes interact the nodes on the dots in this case the notes of the dots or net lines are the edges yes then they give you dots or lines or it can be people or things and connection so it depends on.
Who you're talking to the language changes so I don't wanna you know nail it down too much but I just wanted to throw those different turns out there now the Internet is an interesting phenomena which is recent but yet was predicted by the magicians and mathematicians long ago in their own ways like networking this term networking we have this term internet.
And I've been lucky enough to study with a man from Europe who studies networks and he points out at the beginning of all his classes or interactions that there's no such thing as a net network is a metaphor other things that are connected mark no such thing I didn't hear you get no such thing as a a that I'm the network for things connect for a group of nodes and edges very cool off.
If you want to say that yes because it's constantly changing right so when you say there's a network mm you know it's descriptive it's metaphoric it's useful but at the bottom line is there's no such thing as a matter and the Internet is the best example of that in that the Internet is made up of millions of computers those are the nerves of the internet and.
Today they're as small as phone and there is large as a server farm owned by Amazon so the scale is quite wide this is a node on the internet and yet when you sign up for Amazon Web Services or any of the larger of digitalocean any of the large berth providers they have huge server parks and you could look at them as one node as well if you wanted to or you can look at each connection they.
Make as a note which so that's your extra internet we refer to it as a thing but you know it was called the internet when there were I think six schools connected by phonons and now there are billions of people connected by billions of machines and we still use the same word so obviously it's being used at a flexible or metaphoric way and that's often true with a lot of networks and I.
Just want to point that out as we use it so literally and we you know I do it all the time you know we talk about personal learning network and you know different kinds of learning networks we just want to be clear that those are never shifting ever changing entities that are just the relations the edges between the people that make the money but just want to throw that out lay that out that way.
Where it's interesting for me is how do we support the conversations or the communications or the interactions of the people in a network and I think that's most applicable to education because that's what educators are trying to do as well trying to communicate to the students but also to other educators to other people in their field through publications and then of course can.
Indicating with their institutions the way education is involved involved and we spoke a bit about this last month we've evolved many many different languages for us to communicate each discipline has its own unique language I don't mean language in the sense that we can understand what they're saying but language in the sense that it takes years to learn these specialized terms.
Of the discipline well then you can fully participate in the foundation what I mean by plank we discipline has its own language you can say that each institution has its own culture and language that goes with it people use different terms for different processes that look similar from the outside and yet that's that's the turn rate use in their institution balance room.
Institution to mark I have especially that summer school programs are going to conferences it becomes very apparent you can walk up to people that are speaking the same language I speak English and it's very hard to follow up your doctor and they all know what they're like but if you're not in that discipline and don't know those Spanish words it's very hard to follow the conversation so.
That's pointing out how language can be divisive as well as connecting as Victor said a month ago it can attract you into a group but it can also keep you from joining a group or depending on how it's used and how quickly you could learn the language my particular interest in this has been going on for a few years now was I think that education needs a universal language which the social.
Scientists and the linguists and the library sciences librarians both actual call oncology's or controlled vocabularies and it's by having these agreed-upon terms that it makes it easier for people to communicate and again most disciplines have this you can go or and look at terms used in sociology or terms used in oncology or terms used in the real estate law you.
Can usually find a dictionary we would say but what it actually is is an ontology that describes how these words are used and I have not done anything like this of Education and there's a lot of conversations going on around the need for these terms so that when people are talking to each other they they have a better understanding of what's being said that there's more clear.
Communication there's another reason why ontology z' are necessary and useful is that now that we're using the internet for education it's not just people listening to what we say it's not eight not just people looking at what we put online there are also a billion machines looking at what we put online and the way the machines look at what what humans do is through ontologies through.
Controlled vocabularies there's a machine it looks at things very literally and when you get right down into it computers are just a bunch of a series of switches that are on or off which represent ones or zeros and everything else is layered on top of that using different programming languages so the machines are looking for patterns and they're looking to.
Match patterns that's what machines do and so if we have an educational vocabulary we can agree upon then the machines can sort of follow what we're up to as we we've all been reading the news I'm sure and we know that the machines are following this quite closely facebooking much my mark I'm gonna apologize I'm gonna leave for just a.
Couple minutes that I just got a message that Weiser's website is down no I'm gonna go into the realm of practicality for a few minutes while you guys do a little bit more philosophy but I'll be back okay ouch yeah well we'll just see what happens oh speaking of machines yes so we'll either websites up where it's not there's not much we can do at this moment so I'm.
Going to finish my thought on apologies and and machine learning and we want to encourage machines to help us connect with other people I think that's sort of the task we have as an educational institution who's figure out better ways for people to find us and better ways for people to communicate with us and learn with us and help us learn and yet we need to be wary of the surveillance.
Part this the machines that are watching everything we doing and I think that's one of the tensions or one of the wicked problems if you're familiar with that term of our time the the affordances of the internet are nearly infinite of the good things that can be done and yet we're seeing that the internet and digital technologies too must be weaponized and used against us so.
I would encourage us to always keep that in mind and to take a critical approach to this we're all everybody listening to this or sitting in on this seminar is someone who's engaged in using technology and to further their education so with that commitments been made it's just we need to be mindful of any ways that the technology can be misused and.
That's a constant tension between as last summer I was in the class and we've gotten we boil it down to the tension between openness and privacy and there will always be that tension and it's up to each individual to be informed about what they're doing online and should be concerned about the things they need to be concerned about it's a need to be private and there may also need to learn.
How to share and how to make it easier to other people to learn of those so those are two things that the constant tension and I don't think it's gonna go away I think it's just the time to go and what we're gonna have to do there's another way to look at these controlled vocabularies and it's the way that most people use both controlled vocabularies or oncology's without even knowing those.
Words of carrying anything about it at the street level we call tagging when you post something online you can tag it and that tag the way the computer scientist looks at it says that's metadata data about data but it's just tags or hashtags and so we use these types of technologies every day so now I've added another layer so we have the technology that we use to communicate.
The languages we use to communicate but then we also can have we're either other languages or specialized uses of the same language to add a layer again that helped mix helpful for a machinist to read and it helps us to organize our thoughts or posts either internally as far as our own database or across the internet I do a lot of work with a couple of groups.
Around trying to make it easier for academics to find each other on the internet and find each other and their specific interests and that's the control of vocabulary that I've been working on with Abel and I can never remember Abel's association for experiential something authentic based learning I can never learn the full name but.
Anyway it's the for portfolio people and now the Creative Commons people are also looking at a vocabulary to link educators around the world as they use open education resources to make the open education resources more easily findable so it's it's coming to the point where soon we'll have that educational ontology or and educational ontology and it will just think it's.
Easier to find each other and communicate with each other on the web I mentioned graph theory there's also a new technology called graph databases this is emerging I just want to mention it here just to show the different ways the same technology of semantics can be used as the teenagers tag each other on their photos so they can find each other online a graph database doesn't use rows.
And columns or tables like a traditional database the graph database use semantic tags and it makes it easier to do broader search words and it makes it infinitely faster because if you have a table or a database that has a billion times a billion so that's a hundred million cells let's say and in the technology if you want to go from cell 1 1 2 cell.
Billion billion you have to traverse the table you have to physically move across that table and that takes a long time but if you're looking for an apple and so when one has the better day to tag Apple and it's sell 1 billion 1 billion has the same ended in decay and at Apple you can immediately go from the first cell to the last cell semantically and it actually affects the technology I.
Just wanted to point that out of me at the largest scale were at the most basic level these ontology specialized languages of being used store data and then the latest series of the internet which was first invented to share documents which is why we have at the start of every internet address HTTP that's like a text Transfer Protocol that was invented so that you could tell.
Somebody's computer hey here comes a document and the address of the document and that's why we use HTML hypertext markup language HTTP what's the last month I put text Transfer Protocol protocol HTTP hypertext transfer like I said every web address starts with that and then every web page is built out of words when what happened to w-w-w-whoa work that's yesterday.
And it was another layer that there was no need anymore but it's still useful all these technologies still work but the all the web pages are built out of HTML which is hypertext markup language and images but in the case of the earliest HTML but that's sold yesterday too right everything's made out of it yes and what it is type your text again is.
Metadata so when you not to go too far into this but when you put words on a web page your words are plain text and then the hypertext tells the browser typically however you're looking at it it's the PDF whatever how are your viewing it the hypertext says this is a title this is a subheading this should be purple this.
Should be black it's the hypertext that tells how it's to be displayed and then that's as far as I want to go into that but I just want it to explain that metadata is used to display pages on the inner and everywhere else electronic books and everything guys it's all markup which has led people to theorize that the web has has become a semantic web it's literally the Internet is.
Actually a web of words connecting people and machines and that's how I want us to think about this it's a neutral way to look at you know it's a more neutral way to look at it so it's not that somebody's attacking me on the Internet you know it's somebody's saying something on the internet and I can see it and you know it's not the internet.
That allows them to attack me it's what how they choose to use these otherwise fairly neutral technology there's a whole discussion Ultra Li what's built into these technologies but that's where another day we're just trying to understand how we're going to use these to communicate and so in in the simplest way it's us wiser people and these machines and the.
Internet all trying to work together to communicate them to meet working olanta to grow our community and the Semantic Web is the way we're going to do well this is the web some people say it's wet 2.0 some people say that never happened and some people say it's web 3.0 it's coming I don't know you know you can have those secessionists on whatever level you like what mathematicians.
Physicists network theorists and all that the point is that the machines and the people are communicating together and expanding broadcasting and this is going to lead us and this is where I'm going to stop talking because it's yeah and hack but using these ideas and these technologies and these applications that we look at another forum this is how we're going to help build or extend the.
Semantic Web and for our own purposes this is how we're going to create our network of communities that we talk about with different communities that interacted wiser so far it's been very personal and one-to-one and that's great phone conversations and meetings here at the White House pace mostly continue there's no radio did it go away the television came along newspapers didn't.
Go away of radio came along it's just another technology but now we have this these technologies that allow us to reach around the world and find other people with similar interests and to grow our network of communities there are other communities around the world things that are in you say to us and what we're doing will be anything to them once we discover each other well.
Especially at wiser we are not allowed to teach without authorization at most states outside of California Colorado luckily is one that we can take you know teacher programs but there's no restriction internationally so so we should target our marketing outside of the United States yeah it's complicated there is a Sarah and California being California and we have will not.
Participate Sarah so that puts us at a disadvantage in that we want to teach our degree programs and a state and we are not a Sarah participant we have to go through their state for authorization yes a lot of things like that so when you touch upon the going further I'm like let's mark it to the world that's tricky but yes that's that's where we're headed and I'm pretty sure.
California will join us Sarah but we have to be special first so that's that's what I wanted so now I want to ask our online participants to please share some reactions some comments or whatever you would like before we get into any kind of habit we like you tonight there's a couple of things people with requests I definitely want to save time for that Caron I'm gonna.
Call on you and you add to our discussions plate so I'm just wandering so I'm I don't have an education background in my in my learning so I I am in multiple ways educated what I have not in terms of learning engaged in the meta structures of how I learned what I learned etc so when you said there is no vocabulary for education for the.
Education world if you will or they get the discipline of education is that what I understood yes there's no control okay there's no agreed-upon vocabulary that would be useful in a worldwide that's a cat's tail cats - it's a whole cat actually I just saw the tail but yes there people are discovering that there is no universal vocabulary and so they're now coming together to say well.
Let's let's do that so that when somebody says they've learned something what does that mean or if they completed a course what does that mean and it goes on and on in this certifications and transfer and all of that which has all been worked out locally before but now we need a simpler personal simpler vocabulary so that when you're reaching around the world that people are saying.
The same thing in the united states each university has their articulation officers so that when a student transfers from another country someone has to sit down and look at their transcripts and get a catalogue from their institution and try to figure out that class in English that you took in Germany what are we going to give you credit for or in writing a writing class.
In English as a Second Amendment right so somebody has to make those decisions there they are provide educational providers that do just that right there's lovely yeah there's some amazing things money yeah exactly so this is not that but it's related we just like I said there are some people working on this idea of how we can use language to describe what we're doing.
And it's when it comes down to blog posts if you wanted to blog about a learning experience you had whether it was at a classroom or an event or some research that you've done by yourself it would be useful if you knew that there were certain tags that related to the field that you're working in that would be understood both by machines and people across the internet and you could.
Tag whatever you do and that's that's the the idea of it is it's sort of a universalizing idea that the same word can be used to tag a blog post as to tagging publication a you know a peer-reviewed journal publication if there were a simplified language it could be used there it can also be used on an educational website to draw people in this is your interest here's how we.
Came into that that interest so I mean our family yeah yeah and that's that's my particular interest is how the people can have any portfolios and if I can find each other on that's the that's the beauty of the victory with us I am with us we have met our friends and our friends is us.
I just come food a cartoon character named Pogo yeah it was a possum who lived in a swamp so sometimes I feel like I'm some sort of critter living in some kind of swamp and I got all these swamp buddies I should not have watched an old movie the other day with Diane called the matrix before this conversation I just should not have done that matrix is centralized I've got I've.
Got some nitpicky eye responses to to the model okay so I just looked at the matrix of the dystopian a story with a Christian theological thing going on so since I'm not dystopian or Christian I didn't really relate to it but just the stuff of the artificial intelligence and the is it symbiotic or parasitic the relationship between society and these.
Machines and in what direction that that's why it's got stirred up for me with this conversation so I really don't think I have much to contribute which is reflected in these ramblings I'm sharing I will say that you know there's a there's a adage from our activist culture that were in it goes back away say say think globally act locally so some of the theoretical stuff is.
Thinking globally and the question I asked is how does this help me act locally so to speak and where I come down is what do the people need to achieve success however that's defined that's my focus rather than how does how does this all make sense because I I've given up on that quite a long time ago I'm reminded that Einstein drove himself exhausted trying to come up with a.
Theory of everything and you know Stephen Hawking's Hawking's cartons picked up the baton and you know got a little ways with it but I'm not looking for a theory of everything I'm just trying to figure out how do I make what's in my arm blank usable for the lives of myself and the people I have contact with I will say that some of this discussion.
Like the part about the school or the state in Colorado versus California versus what's going on in other parts of the world it it does reflect the control mechanism of two different economic systems which are at various stages of conflict and integration and that socialism and capitalism and the more these technologies are part of a capitalist weighted society versus a.
Mixed economy I think the more distorted it becomes for individuals that is distorted as defined by this extracts data from us and exploits us and manipulates us and eventually exhausts us and kills us and to the extent that these technologies are part of the a mixed economy and a managed in quote by democratic political processes as opposed to dictatorships Felix enters.
That combination I think these technologies are served more benign progressive purposes so the idea of tapping into educational environments that are located in societies which have democratic political systems and mixed economies that there actually may be something to that so I think those are my thoughts but I'm never really sure I feel any any responses to me before I go.
Back to muse it it appears to me that this is all over my head but you know at the possibility that that that I am now rambling and in somewhere else it you know when when I listen to you Merc and I I talk about you know I hear about these controlled vocabularies so people can find each other and ontology.
'z and maybe a vocabulary that describes education which would have made it possible for me to get credits for what I've done in Germany 20 years ago 30 years ago which then I didn't because nobody could even translate it at all etc so there's there's this this level of practicality which would have allowed me to very practically for my life you know six years ago seven years ago to to.
Accomplish something with with less expenses and and maybe a little less effort etc and it's all good because going through the whole thing had it's had its advantages as well but if I'm now listening to you a victor and you bring in you know how old societal organizations and sort of the juxtaposition of two very monolithic if you will the the the dictatorial society.
Versus a democratic society or the more social approach to living with with each other as opposed to the capitalist approach to using everything you know creating commodities across the board what what I what comes to my mind is is sort of a sense of a historical historical dimension and because I am German I am thinking back to to the to the emergence of National Socialism and.
To what degree even then these technologies actually made possible what happened and not just as technologies but I believe also as and now I'm fumbling for for language a little bit worldviews if you will um so where you you know we are we're seeing the the first computerized as it were situation to to create to create a genocide for instance and that's that's something.
That comes to mind it and it may be totally not related or you know it may be um well it's clearly all related I I'm I would claim but it may be um you know when when it's somehow for me is in the you know the question how how can I use this on a local level is also asked when 200 Jews in my village have been rounded up so I'm I'm I guess we we all have our we all have our glasses and and.
These classes have you know have certain things written on the inside marking that I will see things or I will include things in in a discussion that otherwise might not come up so again I'm I'm I'm with you um Victor there that I say okay you know take it as my rambling but also maybe take it as that which has just come up for me in this context where there is.
Not just something that's happening now and has happened in the last 15 years and it's developing as we go forward but that this has a has a decade's long history and has a decade's long genealogy if you will of what it means to be human and what it can mean to be human and how how well maybe even controlled vocabulary as it were is it is a double-edged sword we can find.
Everything with controlled vocabularies well I'll just leave it here so if I could I can try to respond to both of you Victor and I tried to point that out that yes technology is a double-edged sword to put it succinctly and we should remember that always I'm trying to use it in positive open democratic way intentionally and so the further we get into this project the more you will hear.
Me promote open source software for instance and on the other hand there is a whole group of people network of people however what it characterize it that promote privacy on the internet which is basically how to use encryption to protect your communications between people or how to encrypt the edges between the nose and that's another ongoing conversation the.
Technology been used either way but you'll see the more we work together that I constantly promote open software and open source software perhaps one evening we'll have a conversation about how the whole idea of free and open source software came out of the University of California Berkeley in particular there's all history there and I quite enjoy it since I'm coming to.
Technology digital technology later in life even though I was around it my whole life but to use it well now I take some comfort in the fact that a lot of this technology came out of the Free Speech Movement at the University of California at Berkeley right up the street and those people are still alive now they don't get interviewed on TV news.
They're not part of the popular culture and that's a separate you know separate conversation who controls and the science what's popular that's not but there is still readily available and you can send in the media ask them questions or attend two clocks depending on who were talking about and there is a whole movement that I'm so when you say this was all theoretical I agree at least.
Theoretical and yet at the same time I'm just trying to tie wiser to the greater movement around education which is open and international and democratic but to get there but first you have to understand that it's out there and then we have to learn how to use these tools to reach those open democratic people there's not a lot we're going to be able to do a stupid.
Set wiser to combat Russian box or Ukrainian election shenanigans or how Facebook monetizes our time but we can help each other become aware of that and encourage each other to spend less time engaged with Russian box and Facebook if those are different and spend more time talking to people around the world that are working on open education and producing open.
Education resources which Alice then rightly they flipped to a new slide here because in one of my open education projects we were asked to make a mind map or a concept that I mean what you want to call it the project were working on in education and so this is one that I quickly made that in the center is a large block that says networked connectivist educational organization.
But it could say Western Institute for Social Research and then I tried to show how a organization is connecting an educational organization is connected to all these different neurons yeah I put the students on the board of directors at the top I put community partners or other institutions and community partners down at the bottom I put all the google apps that we're going to.
Spend more and more time using off to the right and I have academic publications events which to me an educational world needs conferences and send the cards and things off to the left this is just quick and dirty but you can see already that just this simple and I didn't spend a lot of time on this but just a simple trying to imagine how these might be.
Connected you can see this is more complicated than any of the three previous images and so I just wanted to share this to contrast that where we're going is very complex and I think a little theory does help when my intention is not to be funnel or alienated or anything I've tried to simplify down might be funneled a major in the last five years.
Into less than an hour so that was my attempt at being helpful we can only hope I can only hope that it's somehow I thought we'd do some hacking if if there's nothing else that people want to dirty dust value you want to discuss before we look at some specific examples I I want to see how these will translate into more money for wiser and more students and they will exactly let's.
Focus on that well you know we can't at least not for the moment right now but we do need to save from extinction we need to save wiser so the visor at least survives another generation so let's translate it into enrollment money's and money in money payment for the faculty or infrastructure how we're gonna we'll do all that yes time I am just wandering who is we pitch in where.
They can anybody who has a wiser like for kind of tendency you know whose goals are compatible with wiser you know yeah and again like I said networks are not fixed they're who I am so this is our network tonight and we'll see we just wrote a forty five hundred dollar check to the EAC just for the initial application thought to be followed by a seven hundred you know more money for.
Every it's gonna be bleeding money's gonna go down the drain like water just to try to get a credit to get them to consider us no guarantee that they won't even they don't need to know but I'm interested in how this is going to but it's gonna take time to connect all these so can I just ask on for a bit of a hacking advice here I I have a have a calendar technically I have everything.
On my calendar or so I thought but somehow my computer does not alert me it says you have nothing on your calendar in the little thing that appears up on the screen on the side this announcement and and it's not true a I have something on the calendar and B I want to be alerted for the things so so so I actually take the examples of.
Tonight I simply don't understand it when when I went when I go on here AC technology night I also see other things that I have I I thought I had arranged for a conversation on the phone from 5:00 to 6:00 p.m. that sort of is still in there it didn't happen because it just didn't overlap I mean there was a communication error but and and that was shown in my little flag that comes up on.
The screen but the email that I get in the morning says you have nothing on my you have nothing on your calendar the Google email I get in the morning says you have nothing on your calendar and it simply can't be true because technology night was there and technology night you know we're sitting here so it's it's just not you know so I don't know I don't know if that is too complicated.
Here but can you move everybody on the laptop from the left side to the right side okay so let's unpack that I didn't say any of these were simple I don't I never said that not that either this money here is my character on the screen and this is I am signed in to my official wiser email and I don't use this character first but you can see there's.
The a Kanak and there's Saturday somewhere introduction to Google education sleep during it so these I have received from the official Weiser character which I have invited to share with me on the left side are my calendars and the first one is my personal calendar I believe No the first one is this calendar himself first one is this captain and then.
Carmen here are all the classes that you created that you shared with me and that's why those are there I can remove those if I want and then when I'm going down on the bottom here away you can see why is your central cat can i yeah can I just say say add something I think this is written in my on my left side it says calendar at Weiser dot edu it does not say Weiser.
Central calendar anywhere I have to ask myself so this is Apple doing some weird display or do you not have the wiser central calendar added to your calendar so the easiest thing is we're going to go up to the top where it says add calendar and there's three dots that when I hover over it says add of the calendars and browse resources now that's so I can't.
Remember did we importance from a URL holy goodness we just oh that's right we just live in here and tight cattle burger at wiser that evening you I have I have you know it says it says calendar at wiser dot e-d-u and that's it is the box next to it chat and yes and you can see technology night I have technology night in Google education suite on Saturday and let me just um yes and an.
Introduction to Google education suite on Saturday alright and so when you click on the check mark next to the wiser essential calendar or whatever it's called one of those days away correct I only have one see you have you have that double that yes I think that's because I put those there but that's the wiser events is how we can all add to.
The central calendar that's a topic for different discussion what we're concerned with here is displaying the calendars you want to see so you're getting the central character so that's the first thing I wanted to make sure I get something under the name calendar at Weiser dot edu which then shows me technology night and introduction to Google and whatever else.
I put on there like my conversation that I told you about on Wednesday right so so you've got the main why's your calendar connected your calendar that's good so I think what we're talking about is notifications okay and those are in your settings and you control those and where do I find the settings where our settings under the gear that looks like a fly or is it a flower that looks like.
A gear I could never leave you see at the top there's a gear settings settings so you click on settings I stopped at my primary time yes and actually there's a menu on the left side of the slot my computer uh-huh and event settings so that's about as you create then there's the view options and that's how you view your calendar and then I have events.
From Gmail to automatically add events from Gmail to my calendar but gmail is screwed that up and now it only adds airline reservations and hotel reservations use the word fat and here you can set times you're available if you're sharing your County we're not there yet but eventually we may be where we communicate to each other schedule.
Meetings through countable and just gonna show times are available and ask people invite people to come and take a time they can make a reservation without sending emails okay so where are notifications and there's a calendar here so where are our notifications let me go back to the gear okay so now I'm going to go over the G suite training circle.
And then let's type in notification settings I have to know that they're called notifications those that's that email you get which incidentally I don't have that G suite training circle are you using throw a browser huh are you using the Chrome browser nope well you have to use the Chrome browser by Google to get the 3G sweet and training support oh boy.
And so I have my computers talking to me and we'll stick to the max what's new in calendar we don't care about that so it never got your notifications all right well since it's not easily shareable from the screen I'm going to say I'm going to have to get back to you on where the notification settings are there are of course notification settings inside of each event that you.
Create one to get uh so I opened it in by the way I just opened it in chrome want to get better notifications calendar needs permission to display notifications on Chrome click continue to get notified of events then click allow when prompted by your browser is that what I never did that's one thing now those notifications that it's referring to those are the little.
Pop-ups on your screen and you can set those for 10 minutes or 30 minutes before an event and those will pop up on your screen as a reminder notification I opened the technology night and you can add a notification to any particular event you can see here even though I didn't create this on the wire connector calendar if I can still go in and add a notification to myself only right here.
And this what it says notification that's depending on your settings you can set that to make a sound or to actually a little pop up on your screen yeah so here the all default setting is ten minutes before it event if you just click on notification that's what its gonna do it's going to either make a sound or pop up on your screen you can.
Add as many notifications as you want the two options are something on your screen or sending yourself an email emails the one I use is I know I checked my email in the morning so I send myself reminders then I'll see you first thing in the morning see and that's what what is happening but it tells me I have nothing on there and that's not true that's true in a lot of days because I.
Don't use my my my calendar yet for I'm still a paper person but but I do have some things and it still tells me there is nothing on there but if you know so that's so I'm going to say that that's the first thing is to check the notifications or to remember when you put something on this calendar to set the notifications for how you want to be notified and when you want to be there.
That's what Harry that's what I do every time I put something on my camera I decide at that moment when I'm gonna notify myself sometimes I've notified myself seven days before like a conference that's six months from now that I'm not going to attend but yeah I want to keep an eye on or something I'll send myself an email seven or three days before the conference reminded that.
Contact is happening and then I can make notes I can put in hash tags I need to follow so what you're telling me is that every single event needs from me to be invited to be sent to me as an email in the morning now every event you put on your character every event you create by clicking the Add button why did why did the email this morning not say you are.
Yakking and hack tonight because you didn't create that event no I didn't okay so those are two separate things don't completely I'm telling you when you put an event on your calendar you have to you have to decide on how you want to be notified okay now when other people put things on your counter well you're accepted you're.
Asking them to put it I think there's a global setting and that's what I'm gonna have to check to see if you can say that globally I can say yes get me an email in the morning I'm not finding that immediately and so I'm not gonna spend you know 20 minutes looking for it while we're here I think that that exists but I've been wrong well probably twice a day or so I'm just.
Reminding you that if you want a notification then you're not getting them that you can then go into any of them and decide at the lowest level at the event level at the note you know that the calendar event level when and how you want to be notified that you can do that yourself even though you didn't create it that so there's those two places I'll have to.
Look for the higher level overarching of setting about notifications I think there is one but oh okay that's good Victor are you with us I am with us did that answer your calendar question yeah I sort of figured that out by messing around also known as hacking that if there's something going on at wiser and I need to know about it on my my daily.
Calendar because I don't use wiser for that the very first time I learn about the something like this tonight thing I need to go into the wiser calendar and send myself an invitation and if I do it on the first instance like Ohio only handle at once I'm probably more likely to consistently show up this stuff I care about but if I say well I'll take care.
Of that later I'll probably um trip over my shoelaces and not get across the goal-line but have you added the wiser central calendar to your personal calendar no because there's too much that's irrelevant to me at this time I have so much information overload from all the things I'm involved in I've got to cut down on the data string going into my brain if you saw my brain you.
Would go did your mother teach you to clean up your room and I would have to reply she tried yes she I had this exact same response she tried okay so there is an example of a different way to use the lives of central calendar but it requires more proactive approach Victor has to go to the wiser central calendar and look at it and decide what he wants to put on.
His cap and send himself an invite so that's the beauty of especially the Google suite is there's always three or four different ways you can use any particular application there's always three or four ways to get to where you want to go you know drop down menu in this order this or that and there's long as three or four degrees you can use it so actually victory right so since your.
Calendar problem solved I wanted to ask you if I could share that document that you shared with me today just for a minute on the screen just to absolutely Atomics and anybody who who wants to you know enter comment in the document you know that's collaboration and you know I've got the pristine Michelangelo version on a local Drive so it can be.
You can anybody who wants to work with it mess around with it take it steal it there's a book by Abbie Hoffman steal this book or was it Jerry Rubin that's what I say steal this book so I don't remember yes Wow okay so the aunt the short answer is yes I just like making my crack all right so I'm putting I'm sharing this to illustrate collaboration.
Innocence values off so it's just us students here and right where are my comments ones left because one was really hard one was just an editing comment which was you dropped some words and if you put them back in your it's more understandable so I I put them back in the other thing was how to do some formatting on a blog site by using like how to make something bold or underlined.
Or or I mean bold or italics or strikethrough and I just remember that so I clicked it resolved okay what were you are talking about some theoretical stuff with a reference and things like that I left it in there because I think it's pretty cool okay so yeah it took a while to load so now that there's one comment the second comment did include.
You can format your posts on Google+ or your comments and so here's the illustration okay now I need you to move the people back in the website I'm sorry thank you so this is just like this okay so I I actually read it too and I I made a little comment but I'm not seeing I'm not seeing that it lasted well yeah just to comment I did I did send you the.
Invite cuz of the work we've been doing together but I haven't been it back in there since then and I'm not on it now so things not sticking that's a big deal so I hope that gets figured out and it was just you know there is at some point you you say Weiser node and I wasn't sure if you meant note or mode and I and that was my little question on the lower end of things yes so there's yeah I.
Remember that there it is yeah the answer to the question is I originally used the word necklace and then I looked it up and thought about it and then I looked at the word node and I thought it was like more what I meant but it occurred to me it might be confused with mode so I should have put on mode okay I'm not understanding you should.
Have all abode with with ice cream so you now called it wiser model what of collaboration and dialogue is that where we are no no no no sorry I get it yeah it you didn't change anything yet okay so all I'm trying to do here is I love Weiser just just show like one little thing takes yeah I'm safe we're just in love I put this up to illustrate that to make a comment on a dock rule.
That here's what it looks like and you can include URLs and so I included a website and a quote from the website and a comment about the quote and you could put all that in there and I even to show off took the title of the website and I folded it and italicized it which were the directions were in the other conduct anyway so I just wanted to show that you can do that so I leave the make comments.
And you can even dress them up if there's something you want to bold or italicize it's like if there's a full quote I could have my challenge I said Oakland so that was really the only reason that I opened that up as far as the Google Doc and this link is live and of course you know so we can go to that website but I show you this and then I wanted to.
Also show you that this is going on on the internet in a different way and I just tried to describe this to people before and I'm pretty sure that it does makes sense when I try to describe it so I want to take a few minutes and show you the exact same thing is going on on the Internet yes they want to be redirected and so this is a online service so software as.
Service this is sort of the modern you know evolution of the Internet where before you had software that you installed on your computer that's fine that only worked on your computer and then Google said ok we will use shared storage which is Drive we will use shared storage to collaborate and that's what we just just demonstrated with Nick news document that carnot I both.
Commented on but again that's still Victor's document we can make a copy of it but it's Victor's document and it's in the wiser Drive and so it's still not it's it's kind of on the internet this is where it gets grey depending on all the different permissions and sharings you can send links to people and they can look at it even if they're not wiser people so it's kind of on the internet.
But it's not fully on Dino the strip of people who have this software that's called hypothesis and that's what's on the screen right now and this is software service this is something that you can use in a browser to annotate anything on the Internet and this is where I want us to go you know it's going to take us time to learn to collaborate and share using the.
Google Apps and you know why there's a Google tution so we're spending a lot of time on that and that's fine but I just want to show you that there's a bigger world out there like I was referring to earlier about educators from around the world learning to find each other at work together so this is a service it's free you can set up an account for free.
It works like I said on any website and the way you use it is you can see in red here up the top says paste the link and I'm not sure if it has a smart search or not I've always pasted links what happens when I do that yeah okay so you need an actual URL I just put NYT but that didn't work so I'm gonna go to the other example that I wanted to show you how this is being used today by.
Educators online to talk to each other to collaborate so there's a group of educators that are focusing on a text written by the man whose most famous is known most or is most famous for inventing the mouse for the computer he did it the Stanford Research Institute and this is what happens when you do 40 years is theoretical work and you invent the mouse he's known as the man who.
Invented the mouse and so we've educators said well let's go look and see what he was actually talking about 1962 so in 1962 he invented the mouse I'm not sure when he invented the mass this is what theoretical paper oh alright and so let me close this finish my description showing well okay so this is the Doug Engelbart Institute this the paper that he published in 1962 it's.
A page on their website this is a whole group of people that are you know now scholars of Doug Engelbart has only been dead ten years but there's a whole group of people who are analyzing his writings and it's work and you know looking at new ways to use it and you know what scholars do and so this is a page on on the dubbing of Art Institute that.
Scholars have set up to learn and research about that we go mark and of course early computing history and of course Stanford and SR I and California culture and all that goes with and so I got invited I know people who were who set up this project educators ones in Ohio ones in Saskatchewan Canada and they've invited their friends on the internet to.
Publicly annotate this document so this is on the internet now if you go to this page right now you won't see the hypothesis toolbar in the upper right hand corner because you'll just be on the actual page and you want to see all this highlighting but if you take this URL and put it into that hypothesis page that I get show you the home page hypothesis then you'll see this and so.
When you expand this app this is a public annotation you can make private annotations oh because I'm not logged in so you don't even have to have a hypothesis account to participate but if you want to collect your comments and analyze them or however you know whatever you want to do with them you want to have your own account and it helps you define things you've annotated.
Then to see the sponsors from other people but it's not necessary to have an account but when you log in then you're in the game as it were just gonna do it automatically oh good you wanted to remember anything and so I picked a comment that I made a couple days ago a week ago and again this is a kind of a technical paper although we haven't gotten to the final part and the.
Final party tries to sort of do what we would now call creative nonfiction I guess but with no term for in 1962 well I saw this one line that jumped out at me he was talking about how of the architect an architect in the future would use a computing machine this is 1962 at that point computers were mainframes and you had a workstation with a cathode ray tube and.
A green screen that only showed letters and numbers that's where he was when he wrote this and one thing jumped out at me that different planes here and there curved surfaces occasionally would be able to be rendered by an architect just by moving a cursor or a pointer he was very vague with his language you can see with something about a pointer because it hadn't been invented yet.
This is him theorized before he in bed I think the mouse came about 64 like I can't remember exactly and so this hypothesis software service allowed me to go grab a picture of Frank Gehry's Disney Performance Center in Los Angeles which is that picture on the right from Wikipedia and my comment many new technologies were combined to realize the suppression sentence and then if you.
Click on the image that I dropped into the comment it will take you to the Wikipedia page the link that I left there on the wall to the performance center and then today I've got a couple of emails just patents from hypothesis that said that in this case yeah today take him where that is said that is it this is the power of annotation a new visual lens.
Through which to view a few words I'd otherwise move past without breaking stride so what hit me I was able to illustrate with an image and it stopped somebody else and said up now I see I would have just zipped through that not even one so this is an ongoing project using hypothesis there are hundreds of these now around the world and they're free totus I started to say before I.
Signed in here's a few that I'm involved with I even created a wiser collaboration group that we can set to be public or private or however settings once we get to this point I thought by now some of us would be playing with this but we haven't gotten there yet no bleep truck we have but it's remember yes we looked at you should actually use it to pick you know so might again I.
Imagine that in the future that wiser will say ok we're all gonna read the same book or document and maybe it's on script D and then we will learn that if we sign into our script via account through hypothesis that we can then all annotate the very same document on the internet without damaging it and we can carry on these conversations on the side asynchronously and we can drop in videos.
And images and we can draw cartoons and whatever we want to do to illustrate a point and leave that as a breadcrumb and then these things will persist as long as hypothesis is there nothing lasts forever but as long as this is available we'll be able to carry on these conversations and you'll be able to theoretically a student in ten years would be able to say Oh ten years.
Ago they read that book I was interested in and they used hypotheses to annotate it and assuming the technology is still in place that student of the future would be able to go back and see what wiser students were talking about previously about that book that that students interested so these are some of the affordances well I look forward to us learning to use it wisely and again.
We have to be critical thinkers and you know have to be wise in our use of things but this one I find most exciting because it works on any page on the internet and what really thrilled me today was I got an email that said that the educator that set up this project whose name is Carter Campbell who I've dealt with online for three or four years now he's in the Midwest changing.
Schools as educators do but he commented on my conduct and that's like I think that's a gold star in my book for the day he's the one that theorized this project and invited educators all over the world to come and comment on this document and make connections that their work online as educators and look back at this 1962 very foundational document of how people communicate on the.
Internet though pretty excited I haven't actually followed that link that he left yet to see where that goes and see that could lead to a lot of posts that he may listen he's a prolific blogger and he often leaves a link oh yeah I wrote about that eight years ago and then you can go read his blog post you can leave a comment on apartments or you can come back and comment on.
Caucuses so this is you know this is where the world is heading of communication I just wanted to to spend a few minutes doesn't look at that I find an exciting night you realize that that makes me a total nerd but it's just a lot of information that's all yeah it's conceptually hard to grasp you know people not in that field it's kind of like a different language it.
Takes a lot of classes inside a lot of immersing myself I've just been trying to not make it over complicated and yet I see that we are up against eight o'clock so I haven't do some ads some commercial announcements but before that I guess let's take a minute if anybody has a final thought let's let's do that we'll run over just a couple of minutes.
I just have a couple of commercial not announcement of upcoming attractions we'll invite our online friends John have you been listening or no I have not but I do have a final announcement it's back up I sent everybody an email that has the tech support people's analysis of what was wrong and the simple-minded version was it had something to do with it being a secure web site and the way.
It was in it as a secure web site was probably halfway between the way it was before and the way it needs to be now and now it's fixed and there should not be any more problems with that and it took them about 30 seconds to answer the phone and about an hour to fix it okay that so that's back to notes volume that's the S on the end of HTTP the old unsecured not encrypted.
Did Internet use the hypertext Transfer Protocol but the new secure encrypted internet uses the hypertext Transfer Protocol with the security certificates which is the key to unlock the encryption and that's what the internet service providers have to do is generate a security certificate for the website which you didn't do it but I asked the old one with this web loss is basically.
This is the new web host and so somehow that didn't transfer and I have no idea why and that you want to know about that stuff you're talking pirates yes well just thank you for a couple of hours of interesting conversation yeah the same thing is it's it's kind of a nice to use my brain in a different way and think about stuff and all of a sudden I got some ideas I didn't have before so this.
Goes under the category of none for me thanks well you're all very welcome I appreciate that that a new idea was generated that's I don't know it seems to me that I want a descending light up here where I started out at 40,000 feet to now we're down to 20,000 feet and next week I'll try to get us down to 10,000 feet and hopefully you know over the next six months or so.
We'll make a nice soft landing where we all know how to use all the applications and we're collaborating in communicate all of that but I didn't want to start out at the higher level because I think it's important maybe I'm wrong and I could very well be one but I think it's important that we realize there's a lot of theory about this there's a lot of theorizing going on while we work I mean.
Steel building the airplane as you fly it is definitely going on especially with the internet these days so I just I'm hoping that yeah make people aware and people getting some new ideas that's great to that end this Saturday we have another Google suite for education seminar that's going to focus more on the Google Drive and files organization.
And file naming and file sharing and file permissions and all of that which frankly is not my favorite part of this but I get emails from John with links or whatever I click it and I said you need to request and I'm like but I'm the chief administrative officer you look at that because that doesn't make sense it should work automatically it doesn't and I when I'm doing wiser work I'm always.
Using my wiser account okay well see if you couldn't find one of those it doesn't work let's let's sit down together and figure out why that you know what's something that that's not working try to figure out why yeah so the permissions as we were talking about earlier about the calendar the permissions work from both directions the person who creates anything can set.
The permissions but at the same time the institution sets global permissions so and there's all in the in between so that's what we're going to try to look at Saturday so that's one add and then the following 16th of the month next month is we're going to be looking at Google classroom for the bittersweet and this is how I'm hoping we'll be able to organize each.
Personalized learning adventure we can even make a game out of it eventually there are people working on that how each individual can organize their own Weiser program so once they decide on the courses they want to take they can put them in the order they want to take them it's all linked to the Google Drive how they can organize that so I'm excited about that and that's back to.
That well the stupid roles you set it up an email that says here's your doing email with your ass yes and their mind everything click on this rock there it is and then instructions on how to go through the catalog and select your classes put your classes since you own the classroom you get to pick right so that's the future I'm still waiting for.
That monorail down i-5 to so that's it this is my breakfast and there's still be free Laurie back I'm gonna be the course which this year I set this flier to six or eight educators that I know and I ask them to invite their students to get extra credit and learn to be more to be better digital citizens and be more civically engaged online and no one has it's free and it's there I have you.
Know I what can I say um so that's that's available that's in the flier or you can email me and if you want to have a Wikipedia article about yourself you have to learn the rules so I'll probably run that everywhere and then the G suite training and remembering to remind people that when you're signed into your wiser gmail and when you're Chrome browser you have that little or.
Colored circle with the question mark in it and wherever you are if you click on that circle you can get facts and links to documents documentation and even videos that show you how to do things so everywhere you go if you're in the Chrome browser and you're signed into your wiser cat there's free GC training and then they have everything up to get any certificates and taking tests.
Whether it's it's everything from looking for a definition to becoming certified as google trailer it's all built-in it's all free I just need to keep in mind of myself and everybody else that that's there for us to use and I made a ending slide to go at the end of the video in this way I don't have to enter the bit later on that I'll say good night everyone and thank you thank.
You and that's the